Margaret needs to change too. This little speech made her a bit uncomfortable, and he felt strange as well, since impromptu words like those rarely fell from his lips. Margaret's heart felt heavy at all her goodbyes, but she noticed her father looked very careworn and anxious. Summary of North and South Margret mused on the differences between men and women; this man who had just confessed his love for her and was rejected could be so normal and lighthearted minutes after, but she was "disturbed and unhappy." Dixon Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Mr. Hale was puzzled, and Margaret was frustrated. Not affiliated with Harvard College. Osborne, Kristen. This move comes as something of a culture shock to her, and she quickly clashes with the wealthy mill-owner Mr Thornton over his treatment of his workers. Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South is often considered one of, if not the best, of her works, as well as a significant piece of Victorian literature. He noticed her annoyance and asked her instead what she did at Helstone. It provides a thorough exploration of the novel’s plot, characters and main themes, including social class, industrialisation and the divide between northern and southern England. Thornton needs to overcome his pride and relate to his workers as human beings, while Margaret needs to overcome her passivity. Margaret was going to return to Helstone where her father and mother lived, but as much as she was excited about this prospect, she had lived ten years in her aunt's home. Weinbloom, Elizabeth ed. Elizabeth Gaskell ’s North and South is often considered one of, if not the best, of her works, as well as a significant piece of Victorian literature. Mrs. Shaw had not married for love and she dwelt on that fact often, but now that her husband had died her health was a new source of anxiety. At dinner, conversation "flowed on quietly and agreeably," with many questions asked on both sides. North and South Introduction + Context. Mrs Hale There have been two miniseries produced by the BBC. The critic Angus Easson attempts to deal with this problematic aspect of the novel in his article, "Mr. Hale's Doubts in North and South." Margaret was pleased to see him and they spoke of Edith and Captain Lennox's departure. Analysis of North and South A few days later Margaret was traveling home to Helstone with her father after the wedding. Henry Lennox North and South Summary When the novel opened, Margaret Hale was preparing for her cousin Edith’s wedding to Captain Lennox. Margaret had returned home in late July, and nature was full of light, beauty, and life. However, Henry knew that he cared more for her than he let on, and that he did not hate her. Her writing generally focused on the social issues of her time, and she frequently drew inspiration from her own experiences. Mr. Hale confesses to his daughter that he possesses serious theological doubts and cannot remain the Vicar of Helstone. The novel was originally to be titled Margaret Hale, but was changed at the suggestion of Dickens. Mr. Hale's doubts have long puzzled readers because he never fully explains them. Margaret and Henry took sketching equipment out onto the grounds, passing several old squatters' cabins. This practical and insightful reading guide offers a complete summary and analysis of North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell. Margret was scornful of this and wondered why people living in an industrial town would need a tutor. North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell But the point of the story is not to humble the northern industrialist. Margaret burst into sobs at this sudden change in their lives. Margaret and Henry walked together along the terrace walk near the south wall. They had some savings to live on, but her father explained that his old friend and tutor at Oxford, Mr. Bell, could procure him a job as a private tutor. These aforementioned tensions, which include her mother's unhappiness and her father's strange depression, can scarcely stay subsumed in the idyllic pastoral environs of Helstone for very long. At one moment Henry started to speak but stopped, and Margaret suddenly felt like she did not want him to speak again because he would say something she did not want to hear. Captain Lennox arrived and Mrs. Shaw welcomed him. Mr Bell This practical and insightful reading guide offers a complete summary and analysis of North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell. Reading only the first few chapters does indeed suggest to the reader that this religious conviction of Mr. Hale's will be a central point of the novel, as it is given so much emotional weight. About North and South Please submit each of your questions one at time. The latter is the heroine of the novel, and a compelling one at that. They spoke of how lovely Helstone was. Even though Margaret is the center of the novel, her own passion and intellectual/emotional/moral development do not allow her to serve as "stillpoint." The 1975 version was by the Midlands playwright David Turner, and the 2004 adaptation was by Sandy Welch. I thought threy lived in Corfu for a time before resettling in London. The fictional industrial town of Milton was based on Manchester, where Gaskell lived with her family. He will have to move his family away, and has chosen the industrial town of Milton in the North because no one knows them there and his old Oxford tutor, Mr. Bell, has arranged for him to be a private tutor. Manchester was often perceived as the model of an industrial town, both in its merits and its flaws. His manner turning cold, he remarked that as this conversation was so unpleasant to her it should be immediately forgotten. She was distressed and asked sadly what she could do to help. Bess Higgins Milton-Northern was modeled on the town where Elizabeth Gaskell lived her married life, Manchester. Mr Thornton https://www.gradesaver.com/north-and-south/study-guide/character-list. The novel was partially based on Gaskell’s own experiences of moving to Manchester with her husband, and featured many of her own observations and reflections on industrialisation and the divides and injustices that plagued Victorian society. North and South follows the life of Margaret Hale, an educated young woman who is forced to leave her comfortable home in the south of England and move to the fictional industrial town of Milton, in the north. I thought threy lived in Corfu for a time before resettling in London. Margaret proves herself in these first few chapters to be of sound character and a great deal of moral and intellectual substance, although she is privy to several prejudices against the working class and a considerable dollop of snobbishness. While Margaret went to fetch her mother Henry looked about the interior of the house, noting that it did seem a little shabby. When she returned she was surprised he had done this; he replied that the temptation was too great to resist. The novel opened with Margaret gently trying to wake her cousin Edith, who had fallen asleep on the drawing-room sofa. North and South begins with a contrast between two very different young women –the blonde, sweet, and superficial Edith, and the dark-haired, pensive, and intelligent Margaret Hale. Elizabeth Gaskell was born in 1810, and is widely considered one of the great realist novelists of the Victorian era. She joined her aunt downstairs, where a group of women were gathered, talking about the wedding and the Indian shawls Edith would be given. The clear and concise style makes for easy understanding, providing the perfect opportunity to improve your literary knowledge in no time. She is also known for her biography of the writer Charlotte Brontë, of whom she was a close personal friend. Margaret's distress grew when she learned they were to move to Milton-Northern, an industrial town, in a fortnight. Detailed Summary & Analysis Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 … The first edition in book form was published by Chapman and Hall in 1855. Nostalgia and Identity Throughout North and South, Elizabeth Gaskell’s novel set in a Northern England industrial city, protagonist Margaret Hale frequently reminisces about Helstone, her home village in Southern England. He observes that most biographers and critics see Mr. Hale in light of Gaskell's own father, William Stevenson, a Unitarian minister who also left the ministry. When they returned Mr. Hale looked at their sketches and complimented them. She came to widespread public attention after her first novel Mary Barton caught the eye of the famed writer Charles Dickens, who then asked Gaskell to become a contributor to his magazine. North and South e-text contains the full text of North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell. "North and South Chapters I-IV Summary and Analysis". She walked outside often, but found few books left in the house to amuse herself. Henry asked her to tell him about Helstone, but annoyed Margaret when he said that her description of it was almost like a picture. Mr. Hale asked Margaret if she could tell her mother of all this, and though she found the prospect loathsome, she agreed. With Wives and Daughters (1865) and Cranford (1853), it is one of her best-known novels and was adapted for television three times (1966, 1975 and 2004). It features a strong female protagonist, a mature love story, and relevant social and political commentary regarding industrialization and class antagonisms present in mid-19th century England. Analysis North and South begins with a contrast between two very different young women –the blonde, sweet, and superficial Edith, and the dark-haired, pensive, and intelligent Margaret Hale. He has "won the right to comment on the behavior and opinions of others which could not be conceded to Margaret or Thornton or Bell." The clear and concise style makes for easy understanding, providing the perfect opportunity to improve your literary knowledge in no time. This practical and insightful reading guide offers a complete summary and analysis of North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell. Margaret commented that she hoped her own wedding would not be such a whirlwind. Margaret was told to model the shawls since Edith was still asleep, and she was doing this when Captain Lennox's brother, Henry, was announced. This terrible change in their situation was almost too much to bear. Mrs. Hale was having a particularly vexing day, where "everything was a difficulty and a hardship, and Mr. Lennox's appearance took this shape, although secretly she felt complimented by his thinking it worth while to call.".