On July 4th,  1776, the American Colonists, fed up with a variety of Great Britain’s widespread abuses included but not limited to taxation without representation, the Quartering Act, violence inflicted upon colonists by British soldiers, and more, declared revolution against their progenitors. In order to understand the development of land-based empires, you must have a thorough understanding of mercantilism. 20. Jesus: Please go look in the Bible. The great depression led to a loss of confidence that economies were self adjusting and destabilized the world, and it would lead to a widespread economic discontent that would give rise to facism. When these empires fell, Europe was left with a large and powerful military class without a strong state to govern them. The military class of knights/vassals agreed with the moneyed lords that they would protect the lord’s land in exchange for land. In this way, the Bhakti Movement can be seen as a movement which started with the objective to reform or at least change specific aspects of Hinduism. Think of diaspora at large as the dispersion of any people from their original homeland. Possibly one of the most visible reminders of Imperial Chinese upper-class visions of beauty, foot binding became a symbol of feminine attractiveness and extravagance. This US company, in the late 19th century, dominated the international fruit and banana trade throughout the early twentieth century. In order to fully comprehend the reasons behind the global conflicts of modernity, you must have a strong grip on the form of government known as fascism. ; collapsed due to foreign invasion circa 1600 B.C.E, the most important Babylonian ruler; responsible for codification of the law, the term used to denote the kings of ancient Egypt; the term, \”great house\” refers to the palace of the pharaohs, monumental architecture typical of Old Kingdom Egypt; used as burial sites for pharaohs, form of writing developed in ancient Egypt; more pictorial than Mesopotamian cuneiform, African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile circa 1000 B.C.E. 1. 3. Unlike the Russian Revolution or the American Revolution, the Green Revolution did not involve violence or warfare. Born in 17th century France, Montesquieu became an influential lawyer, political thinker, and author. Yellow River Civilizations – Ixia Dynasty: Ixia Dynasty is the first dynasty to be described. Ruled for 61 years (the longest of any Chinese emperor) by Emperor Kangxi, Qing-era China saw several substantial cultural leaps, including the standardization of the Han language, funding to develop highly-detailed and meticulous maps, and more. Before we dive full-force into the list of the 50 Frequently Tested AP® World History Terms and Concepts, we wanted to let you in on how this AP® World History review has been constructed to best help you succeed on your exam. 4. Decline of Mongols: in 1335, the Mongol rule in Persia fell into political anarchy. He was by no means the first European to do this, but he has become the most famous. Between the 9th and 15th centuries, society was structured around a series of exchanges. Paleolithic Era- Origins: Of or relating to the cultural period of the Stone Age beginning with the earliest chipped stone tools, about 750,000 years ago, until the beginning of the Megalithic Period, about 15,000 years ago 92. [l] It was probably founded some time before the 6th century BCC in the eastern part of ancient Greater Iran (Persia). 7 Frequently Tested AP® World History Concepts from Unit 2: Networks of Exchange, A key term to understanding the reasoning and theory behind the dissemination of peoples throughout the world, diasporic communities were f. ormed when merchants introduced their own cultural traditions into the indigenous culture where they were selling their goods. 93. Initially established during the Pre-Classic period (c. 2000 BC to AD 250). 2. It called for the systematic murder of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and the mentally and physically disabled, and it culminated in the death of 11 million people. Marx’s theories play integral roles in developing a body of thought critical of industrial capitalism. The result has been that nations have been able to grow more than what has been required to feed their populations, leading to a growing agriculture industry and increased access to food across the world. 3. The east,however, was mostly controlled by the Mongols and other stable empires which allowed for safer, more permanent trade. 55. Feudalism in Europe: a European system flourishing between 800-1400 based upon fixed relations of lord to vassal and all lands held in fee (as from the king), and requiring of vassal-tenants homage and service. Check out this Time article on. He also represented the Cold War binaries that decolonization efforts ran into in their efforts for sovereignty. A key empire in the development of China, the Ming Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644 A.D. During this time, China’s population doubled, and it began to develop into the powerhouse it is today. This trading route actually served as the world’s richest maritime trading network alongside the Silk Road, and it forged strong economic, social and religious ties between lands. ; sayings collected in Analects; philosophy based on the need for restoration of social order through the role of superior men, Chinese Daoist philosopher; taught that governments were of secondary importance and recommended retreat from society into nature, philosophy associated with Laozi; individual should seek alignment with Dao or cosmic force, Chinese school of political philosophy; stressed the need for the absolute power of the emperor enforced through strict application of laws, Chinese defensive fortification built to keep out northern nomadic invaders; began during the reign of Shi Huangdi. Built around the notion that all people of African descent have a shared history, they too have a shared destiny for the future. Results of the Crusades: The Christian stance on military service changed radically, the veneration of relics increased radically, and the power of the papacy increased even more dramatically. Proxy wars are significant because they are so complex. founded at the end of the Warring States period, first emperor of China; founder of Qin dynasty. It was named for the Carolingian, a family of Freakish kings. Nationalism is simple enough on its surface; but articulating and analyzing how it surfaces, what it affects, and how it can be dangerous is tricky. If you're an educator interested in trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program. A key term to understanding the reasoning and theory behind the dissemination of peoples throughout the world, diasporic communities were formed when merchants introduced their own cultural traditions into the indigenous culture where they were selling their goods.